Linux is one of the many operating systems widely used today. Linux is an open source, family of free Unix-like operating systems derived from the Linux kernel, a complex operating system originally developed by Linus Torvalds in the 1990s. Linux is generally packaged as a package with other software used for building servers. Linux can be run directly by the user without any need to install any additional software.
Linux began as a UNIX-like operating system. With the development of Hypertext Preprocessor (X) and its variants, including Python and PHP, the Linux community began considering making the Linux operating system more robust for web use. This was the foundation for the Unix-like community later known as the Linux community. The main attraction of Linux for web servers is that it runs quickly and responds to user requests extremely well. It has a large community with users ranging from beginners to developers all over the world.
Linux’s primary attraction, however, is that it is free software that can be used for a variety of purposes such as web browsing, file hosting, and game hosting. Developers use the Linux command line and the Linux libraries to create different kinds of software applications. Users simply need a computer with a DVD/CD burner, a modem and a web browser. The major advantage of Linux over other operating systems is that it does not use any hardware to function. Instead, users need a host of computer resources such as memory, processing power, hard drive space, etc., to get their programs running.
Unlike windows or other types of UNIX-like operating system distributions, Linux does not contain any pre-compiled software. Users therefore need to load up their own programs, which are loaded into RAM before executing the rest of the Linux code. This feature has made Linux highly suitable for a variety of tasks because users do not need to install any drivers, make any changes in hardware settings, or configure any software packages.
Another major advantage of using Linux instead of other platforms for servers is that Linux does not include any hardware-emulation technologies. Instead, its only hardware-based operating environment is the Linux kernel. The Linux kernel is what allows software programs and applications to run on top of the kernel, thus greatly simplifying the process of starting up. For instance, all one needs to do is start the bash console (a command line interface) and then follow a simple installation process by clicking on the appropriate icon for the program that requires installation.
The Linux hardware requirements therefore vary according to the purpose of the server. Those who intend to use Linux as the mainframe on which to operate a server can choose different distributions suited to their requirements. For a home user who just needs a simple web server, the LAMP or Open Source operating system is the ideal option. This distribution is free from most of the technical issues involved in the various hardware setups and thus, easy to learn and adaptable. On the other hand, if the user plans to use the Linux as the mainframe for a clustered infrastructure, a more robust and enterprise-grade operating system such as Red Hat, Novell, or Mandriva would be a better choice. However, each of these different distributions have their own advantages and disadvantages and thus it is important to carefully consider which distribution will best serve your needs.